Bicycles and Cycling

Tips and safety

A properly fitted quality helmet


Make sure your helmet is properly adjusted. The front of the helmet should come just above the brow ridge, the chin strap should be tight and the two straps should create a Y just beneath the ears.

Water and sunglasses for eye protection


Wear brightly colored clothing, lights and reflectors.Wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from UV light, bugs, wind, and debris.Wear tight fitted clothing so nothing gets caught in the chain.

Tire levers to aid in tire removal


If you must ride at night, use the best lights and reflective gear you can afford.Ride in groups when possible.When riding in a group, try to maneuver as a group.Make sure your bicycle is of good quality and in good repair.

A bicycle multi-tool with a chain tool


Make sure both tires are properly inflated using a pressure gauge. The recommended pressure (psi) is listed on the sidewall of the tire.Check both tires for cuts and/or embedded debris.Try to turn the handlebar while holding the front wheel stationary to see if the stem is tight.Squeeze both brakes and make sure they require an even amount of pull (about halfway to the grip) to contact the braking surface of the rim or rotor properly.Spin both wheels to make sure they spin freely and do not rub the brake pads.Make sure the quick release levers are secured properly.Lube the chain and wipe off all excess.

Types of bicycles

Mountain Bike

Hybrid/Comfort Bike

Road Bike

Triathlon/Time Trial Bike

Health benefits

Cycling reduces anxiety and depression

Cycling improves your posture and increase muscle strength.

Your heart, blood vessels and lungs all get a workout

Did you know

The first verifiable claim for a practically used bicycle belongs to German Baron Karl von Drais, a civil servant to the Grand Duke of Baden in Germany. Drais invented his Laufmaschine (German for "running machine") in 1817, that was called Draisine (English) or draisienne (French) by the press.

Over 100 million bicycles are manufactured each year

Seven out of eight people in Netherlands that is older than 15 year old has a bicycle

Bicycles save over 238 million gallons of gas every year

World Bicycle Day
3 June



Le Tour de France

Giro d'Italia

La Vuelta EspaƱa

Environmental benefits

Bike riding uses minimal fossil fuels and is a pollution-free mode of transport

Bikes reduce the need to build, service and dispose of cars

Cycling 10 km each way to work would save 1500 kg of greenhouse gas emissions each year

Photo credits