Three Vital Functions

Interaction

Central Nervous
System

The Brain

Cerebrum

Processing information,emotions
thinking,learning,behaviour
and voluntary movements.

Cerebellum

Balance,movement
and coordination.

Brain Stem

Involuntary Movements

Spinal Cord

Controls the
reflex actions

Peripheral Nervous
System

Is made up of nerves
and transfer
information

Five Senses

Sight: Eyes

Hearing: Ears

Smell: Nose

Taste: Tongue

Touch: Skin

Locomotory System

The Skeleton

Function

Support our bodies,
give shape to our
bodies and to
protect our internal
organs.

Types of
bones

Short Bones

They provide stability
and support.

Example: Vertebrae

Long Bones

Are used for movement.

Example: Femur

Flat Bones

They protect our
internal organs.

Example: Ribs

Muscles

Are controled by the
Nervous system,
they contract and
relax and give our
body shape.

Types of
muscles

Skeletol Muscles

They work in pairs.

Example: Triceps and Biceps

Smooth Muscles

Involuntary Muscles.

Example: Intestines

Cardiac Muscles

Involuntary Muscles

Example: The Heart

Joints

Fixed Joints

They don't move

Example: Cranium

Semiflexible Joints

They allow some
movement

Example: Vertebrae

Flexible Joints

They allow a lot of
movement

Example: Shoulders

Nutrition

Circulatory System

Organs

Heart,Veins and Arteries

Function

Transport Oxigen and Nutrients
around the body.

Digestive System

Organs

Mouth,Oesophagus,Stomatch,
Small Intestine,Large Intestine,
Pancreas,Liver,Anus and Rectum.

Function

Extract Nutrients from
food and expel waste.

Respiratory System

Organs

Nose,Lungs,Mouth,
Diaphragm,Pharynx,
Trachea,Bronchi.

Function

Help us breathe,
extract Oxygen and
expel carbon dioxide.

Excretory System

Organs

Kidneys,Ureters,
Bladder,Urethra,
Renal Arteries and
Sweat Glands.

Function

Expel waste from our
body.

Reproduction

Male Reproductive System

Female Reproductive System

By Marta

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