definitions and loads of examples about the Verbs followed by -ing or the infinitive
The -ing form is used when the word is the subject of a sentence or clause: * Swimming is good exercise. * Doctors say that smoking is bad for you. The -ing form is used after a preposition: * I look forward to meeting you. * They left without saying "Goodbye." The -ing form is used after certain verbs: - avoid, dislike, enjoy, finish, give up, mind/not mind, practise * I dislike getting up early. * Would you mind opening the window? -Prepositions (e.g., in, on, at, with, from, etc.) are always followed by the -ing form rather than infinitive. -We can see that in "look forward to ( I look forward to meeting you next week)" example There are some phrasal verbs and other expressions that include the word 'to' as a preposition, not as part of a to-infinitive: - to look forward to, to take to, to be accustomed to, to be used to. It is important to recognise that 'to' is a preposition in these cases, as it must be followed by a gerund: * We are looking forward to seeing you. * I am used to waiting for buses. * She didn't really take to studying English.
I really enjoy travelling abroad..
I really dislike listening bad singer..
-few examples... * The elephant couldn't help falling in love with the mouse. * I can't stand being stuck in traffic jams. * It's no use/good trying to escape. * It might be worth phoning the station to check the time of the train.
There's no point in staring into the book. It would be better for you to take some instructions..
It's not worth repairing the camera. It would be cheaper to buy a new one..
-Infinitives are the "to" form of the verb. The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn." You can also use an infinitive as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. Examples: * To learn is important. subject of sentence * The most important thing is to learn. complement of sentence * He wants to learn. object of sentence ----------------------------------------------------------------- Infinitives can be made negative by adding "not." Examples: * I decided not to go. * The most important thing is not to give up.
...ask. verb followed by an infinitive OR an optional noun + an infinitive. ...decide. ...plan. ...begin. verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with a difference in meaning. ...propose. verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with little difference in meaning. She asked to leave.. We decided to go to Hawaii.. We plan to go to Europe this summer.. He began to talk.. Drew proposed to pay for the trip..