World War II

1939

September 1

Hitler invaded Poland

Results

Beggining of World War II

Poland divided among Germany, the Soviet Union
Lithuania and Slovakia

Free City of Danzig anexed to Germany

Total casualties

Germany+Slovakia+Sovjet Union: 59,000

Poland: 199,700

September 3

Britain and France declared war on Germany

Britain and France had sworn to defend Poland. Honoring these obligations, the two countries sent ultimatums to Hitler demanding his withdrawal from Poland. Hitler declined to respond. On September 3, Prime Minister Chamberlain went to the airwaves to announce to the British people that a state of war existed between their country and Germany. Unfortunately Chamberlain's action was little help to the Poles. German troops advanced steadily. On September 17 Soviet forces under terms of a secret agreement with Germany marched into Poland from the East. Warsaw surrendered on September 27. By October 6, it was all over. Poland had ceased to exist as a country.

1940

May

Hitler invaded Denmark, Norway
Holland and Belgium

May 26

Battle of Dunkirk

Results

defence and evacuation of British and allied forces in Europe from 26 May – 4 June 1940

Casualties

Allies

11,000 dead
40,000 captured
50,000 vehicles (including tanks)
9 destroyers
200 marine vessels
177 aircraft

Germany

20,000–30,000 dead and wounded
100 tanks
240 aircraft

June 22

France surrended

Results

The French government was forced to
relocate to Bordeaux on 10 June

Paris was declared open city

Casualties

Germany

27,000 dead,
111,000 wounded
18,000 missing

France

92,000 dead
more than 200,000 wounded

July 10 - Oct 31

"Air" Battle of Britain

Results

Decisive British victory

Casualties

United Kingdom, Canada

544 aircrew (RAF Fighter Command),
718 (RAF Bomber Command),
280 (RAF Coastal Command) killed
422 aircrew wounded
1,663 aircraft destroyed

Germany, Italy

2,585 aircrew killed,
925 captured,
735 wounded
638 missing bodies
1,977 aircraft destroyed

Sept 22

Berlin Pact

or Tripartite Pact was a defensive military alliance
between Germany, Italy and Japan

Eventually joined by

Hungary (20 November 1940),
Romania (23 November 1940),
Bulgaria (1 March 1941) and
Yugoslavia (25 March 1941),
Slovakia (24 November 1940)
Croatia (15 June 1941)

December

North African Campaign

Results in allied victory:

Fall of the Italian Empire

Axis forces in North Africa retreat to Italy

Commencement of the Allied invasion of Sicily and Italy

Casualties

Axies

42,281 killed
470,000 captured
3,400 missing

Allies

238,715 killed
8,978 wounded
6,528 missing

1941

June 22

Operation Barbarossa

Location

Belorussia
Ukraine
Lithuania
Estonia
Western Russia
Latvia

Results

German tactical success

They occupied significant territory

1.3 million km2

Caused significant losses to the Red Army

But failed to defeat the Soviet Union

Casualties

Axies armies

250,000 dead
25,000 missing
500,000 wounded
2,093 aircraft
2,758 tanks

Soviet armies

802.191 dead (at least)
3,000,000 wounded
3,300,000 POW
21,200 aircraft
20,500 battle tanks

December 7

Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor

Results

Japanese major tactical victory

United States declares war on Japan

Germany and Italy declare war on the U.S.

U.S. declares war on Germany and on Italy

Casualties

US

2 battleships totally lost 2 sunk and recovered
3 battleships damaged 1 grounded
2 other ships sunk
3 cruisers damaged
3 destroyers damaged
3 other ships damaged
188 aircraft destroyed
159 aircraft damaged
2,403 killed
1,178 wounded

Japan

4 midget submarines sunk
1 midget submarine grounded
29 aircraft destroyed
64 killed
1 sailor captured

December 8

Britain and US declared war on Japan

Japan's allies, Germany and Italy, declared war on the US, bringing the US fully into World War II

1942

June 4 - 6

Battle of Midway

Results

Decisive American victory

Casualties

US

1 carrier sunk
1 destroyer sunk
~150 aircraft destroyed
307 killed

Japan

4 carriers sunk
1 heavy cruiser sunk
1 heavy cruiser damaged
248 aircraft destroyed
3,057 killed
37 captured

August 23

Battle of Stalingrad began

A major battle on the Eastern Front of World War II in which Nazi Germany and its allies (Romania, Hungary, Croatia, Italy) fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad in Southern Russia.

Results

Decisive Soviet victory

Destruction of the German 6th Army

Axis powers lose strategic initiative on the Eastern Front

Casualties

Soviet Union

1,143,000 soldiers
16.728 artillery
4.431 tank
2,769 aircraft

Germany

740 000 killed or wounded,
110 000 POWs

October 23

Battle of El Alamein

Results

Decisive Allied victory

Casualties

Allies

13,560 men (4,810 killed or missing, 8,950 wounded)
332–c. 500 tanks
111 guns
77 British and 20 American aircraft

Axis

36,939 to 59,000 men (9,000 killed or missing, 15,000 wounded, 35,000 prisoners)
c. 500 tanks
254 guns
64 German and 20 Italian aircraft

1943

May 13

Axis forces surrended
North Africa

July

Allies invaded Sicily

Results

Allied victory

Casualties

Axis

Nazi Germany Germany:
~25,000 casualties (4,325 killed, 4,583 missing, 13,500 wounded and 5,532 captured
Kingdom of Italy :
189,578 casualties (4,678 killed, 36,072 missing, 32,500 wounded and 116,681 captured)

Allies

24,850 casualties (5,837 killed or missing,
15,683 wounded, 3,330 captured)

September 8

Italy surrended

Gen. Dwight Eisenhower publicly announces the surrender of Italy to the Allies. Germany reacted with Operation Axis, the Allies with Operation Avalanche.

November 28

Allies held Tehran Conference

Location

Soviet embassy, Tehran. Iran

Participants

The Big Three

Joseph Stalin (Premier: Soviet Union)

Franklin D. Roosevelt (President: United States)

Winston Churchill (Prime Minister: United Kingdom)

Outcome

Agreement to open a second front
against Nazi Germany by 1 May 1944

1944

June 6

Operation Overlord
(cod name for Battle of Normandy)

Code name for Battle of Normandy

Started with the Normandy landings (known as D-Day)

A 1,200-plane airborne assault preceded an amphibious assault involving more than 5,000 vessels. Nearly 160,000 troops crossed the English Channel on 6 June, and more than two million Allied troops were in France by the end of August.

"If the El-Alamein
battle was the end
of begginning,
then certainly the
D-day was t
he beginning of
the end."-
Winston Churchill

Results

Decisive Allied victory

Casualties

Allies

225,606 to 226,386 casualties
4,101 planes
~4,000 tanks

Germany

400,000 casualties to 530,000+ killed or captured
2,127 planes
~2,200–2,400 tanks and assault guns lost

Civilian deaths

11,000–19,000 killed in pre-invasion bombing
13,632–19,890 killed during invasion
Total: 25,000–39,000 killed

August 25

Liberation of Paris

Results

Allied victory

Capture and liberation of Paris

Paris made capital of the re-established French Republic

Casualties

Germany

3,200 dead
12,800 prisoners

France, US

1,730 dead
319 wounded

December

Battle of the Bulge

It was a surprize German attack which caught the Allied forces off guard. United States forces bore the highest casualties ever during the war.

Location

The Ardennes: Belgium, Luxembourg

Results

Allied victory, German operational failure

Casualties

Allies

90,908 killed, wounded,captured or missing
700-800+ tanks, tank destroyers, and assault guns destroyed
647 aircraft lost

Germany

67,459– 125,000 killed, wounded, missing, captured
600-800+ tanks and assault guns destroyed
~800 aircraft lost

1945

April 29

Mussolini captured and executed

Dictator Benito Mussolini attempted to escape by hiding in a German convoy headed toward the Alps. Partisans stopped and searched the convoy at Dongo. They found and took him prisoner and he was executed on April 29, 1945.

April 30

Hitler committed suicide

May 8

Germany surrended

Hitler committed suicide and left Karl Dönitz to carry out the surrender of the Nazis which occured in spring of 1945, when the Soviets were approaching the German capital of Berlin from the east and the Western Allies were approaching it from the west. World War 2 ended on 8 May 1945 with the unconditional surrender of the Axis powers.

August 6 + 9

Atomic bombs dropped on
Hiroshima and Nagasaki

The US, with the consent of the United Kingdom as laid down in the Quebec Agreement, dropped nuclear weapons on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, during the final stage of World War II.

Casualties

Hiroshima:
20,000+ soldiers killed
70,000–146,000 civilians killed

Nagasaki:
39,000–80,000 killed

August 14

Japan surrended

Japan announced the surrender on August 15, and formally signed on September 2. This ended World War II. The Japanese navy and air force were destroyed.

photo credit

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d8/Tehran_Conference%2C_1943.jpghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/11/German_instrument_of_surrender2.jpg/1280px-German_instrument_of_surrender2.jpghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/18/Japanese_surrender_(AWM_019296).jpghttps://i.ytimg.com/vi/Ay8BShXXEBE/maxresdefault.jpghttp://ic.pics.livejournal.com/vp19/11600353/814135/814135_320.jpghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cf/Battle_of_Poland.pnghttp://spitfiresite.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/UK-NWE-Flanders-7.jpghttp://www.nam.ac.uk/images/online/north-africa-1940-43/images/83470.jpghttps://cdn.theatlantic.com/assets/media/img/photo/2011/09/world-war-ii-the-north-african-campaign/w45_01010528/main_900.jpg?1420519641http://whitehistory12.weebly.com/uploads/2/3/5/4/23542100/6057707_orig.jpghttp://i1.wp.com/listverse.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/tumblr_llgqtduk4c1qzz4n6o1_500.jpg?resize=550%2C364http://ciml.250x.com/gallery/sowjetunion/patrioticwar/stalingrad90.jpghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b3/SC180476.jpghttps://frenchhistory.files.wordpress.com/2014/08/picture3.jpghttp://www.discoverwalks.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/soldier_kiss.jpghttp://www.crimemuseum.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/hitler.jpeg

WORLD WAR II

Date:
1 Sept '39-
2 Sept '45

Location: Europe
Pacific,Atlantic,
S-E Asia,
Mediterranian,
North Africa,
China, Middle East

Involved 100
million people
from over 30
countries, no
distinction
between civilian
and military
resources.

Marked by mass
deaths of civilians:

Holocaust
11 million

All together an
estimated 50 to 85
million deaths.

Is the deadliest
conflict in human
history.

Strategic
bombing
of industrial
centres
1 million

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