Introduction to Syntax - Mind Map

Introduction to Syntax

Components of the sentence

Subject

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Predicate

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Object

Direct object

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Indirect object

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Predicative

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Attribute

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Adverbial

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Simple sentences

Subject + Predicate

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Subject + Predicate + Object

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Subject + Linking verb + Predicative

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Subject + Transitive Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object

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Subject + Transitive Verb + Object + Object Complement

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Complex Sentences

Object Clause

We didn’t realize she was so ill.

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Predicative clause

The question is whether we can manage without him.

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Subject clause

We like the person who teaches us German.

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Appositive clause

Chopin, a Polish composer, was one of the most celebrated pianists of his day.

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Adverbial clause

We couldn't park anywhere near the park.

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Attributive clause

He went to the next house, which stood in a small garden.

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Compound Sentences

Coordinators you can use to
join independent clauses:

For

And

Nor

But

Or

Yet

So

Examples:

Tim is tired, yet he's driving.

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