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Cultural Diversity in Manitoba

Activities of Interest

Festivals and Events

Canada's National Ukranian Festival

Festival de Voyageur


Icelandic Festival of Manitoba

Manitoba Stampede and Expedition


Wapusk National Park of Canada

Wapusk National Park translates to "White Bear" in Cree. This park got the name White Bear because it is home to the one of the world's largest known den for polar bear maternity. The park is part of the Hudson Bay Lowlands and borders between the Boreal forest and the Arctic tundra. Due to climate change scientists have noticed that polar bears that come to this park are thinner than usually and are having fewer cubs.

Riding Mountain National Park

This park is three hours north of Winnipeg. Riding Mountain Park is home to many species such as black bears, cougars, moose, elks and bison herds. This park offers elk-tracking tours, which will teach you to follow their tracks to the herd. This park also offers star-gazing as well as wolf-tracking tours. It is said that this National park is one of North America's best sky reserve.

Historic Sites

Historic sites are an important part of Manitoba, because it pays tribute to the history of the province and the contribution its people have made. Because of the important meaning of these locations, these historic sites are a popular tourist attraction for many people, affecting the province on Manitoba in several ways.

Stefansson Monument. This monument is located in Arnes, Manitoba and is on of the most distinctive in the entire province. It was built in August of 1969 to commemorate and pay tribute to a Canadian man name Vilhjalmur Stefansson and all of his contributions that he made to our country. Vilhjalmur was an arctic explorer and ethnologist that participated in the Canadian Arctic Expedition of 1913- 1918 where he discovered new geological features that were more north than Prince Patrick Islands; new lines were drawn on maps because of his amazing discoveries. The monument consists of two attached bronze plates and a sculpture or Mr. Stefansson standing on top, surrounded by two acres of landscape in Manitoba.. Mennonite Heritage Village. The Mennonite Heritage Village is a historical museum that is spread out of over 40 acres of land in Steinbach, Manitoba. This quaint village contains more than 20 buildings, a library and a museum that displays several different antiques and manuscripts from over 16 centuries ago! The Mennonite Heritage Village brings back the Mennonite way of life to all visitors, making it a favourite to many..

Economic Activities

Manitoba is the centre of the provinces trade, transportation, and industry. Economy in Manitoba is focused on transportation, farming and manufacturing.



Manitoba has many means of different ways of transportation. There is an airport in Winnipeg called Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport which is one of the few airports in Canada that stays running for 24-hours. There is also an airport in Brandon. The Trans-Canada Highway also runs through Manitoba. This highway is used to truck most of Manitoba's trade, either somewhere else in Canada or the States. With the layout of Canada's highways and railroads, Winnipeg is known as the "Gateway to the West". Winnipeg got this name because most vehicles and transportation systems run through or near to the city. When it comes to the railway, this really made a drastic change in the population of Manitoba in 1881 when the CPR completed a section of the track from the East of Canada; this opened the Prairie Provinces to settlement. The major railways are CPR and the CN; however there are smaller ones like Hudson Bay Railway and Southern Manitoba Railway. There is also a port in Churchill that is very useful for trade with parts of Europe, since it is closer to Europe (by sea) than other parts of Canada. This port is the only port that allows access to the Arctic and the Sea. This port has 4-deep sea berths for the loading and unloading of goods.


Mining is Manitoba's second largest primary resource industry. It brought in approximately 2.1 billion dollars in the year of 2006 through the minerals. This year the price of Nickel, Copper and Gold are at an all time high. Mining in Manitoba employs large numbers of people. About 3,500 are employed directly and another 14,000 are employed indirectly.

Zinc. Copper. Nickel.


The following data was obtained on Statistics Canada, and is from 1997. The province of Manitoba exported almost $10 billion in 1997. The exact figure is $9,969,271,000. There are approximately 59,945 people who are working in manufacturing in Manitoba, and around 1,908 plants that these people work in. Manufacturing turns a large profit in Manitoba. As stated above, the revenue made by all manufacturing plants in Manitoba is $9,969,271,000, and the total expense is $3,407,852,000, which means that the total profit made for the year of 1997 was $6,561,419,000. Now remember, this data is from 1997, so these numbers have probably increased.

Oil. Gas. Food Transportation Equipment. Electrical Goods. Clothing. Textiles.


Agriculture is one of the largest industries in Manitoba, making it a very important sector and the original backbone of the economy; especially in rural areas. Almost every year process of growing, producing and processing food in this province produces over two billion dollars worth of agricultural goods, contributing to over two billion dollars to the economy of Manitoba. A lot of the goods produced is sent to markets all around the world, making Manitoba's agriculture a worldly industry! This industry provides employment in different areas to 62 000 people in Manitoba, approximately 1 out of every 10 person living here.

Canola. Canola is a type of plant that contains seeds that can be made into a type of oil called Canola Oil. This agricultural good, like Barley, is also one of the most important and largest grown crop in Manitoba, behind Wheat.. Wheat. Wheat is a type of grass/ a cereal grain that is mainly grown in areas with a mild climate that contains spikes of flowers sticking off of it and light brown grains. It can be made into a fine white flour and is the most important crop grown in Manitoba's agricultural industry; contributing a lot to the province's economy.. Barley. Barley is a type of cereal grass/grain that is grown and produced in Manitoba and is also of the most important and largest grown crop in this province..

Choosing to Live in Manitoba

Advantages. Disadvantages.

Life in Manitoba

Unique Foods. Cultural and Ethnic Groups. The largest ethnic group in Manitoba is the English, followed by the Germans, Scottish, Ukranian, Irish, and French.. Languages. The province of Manitoba is one of the most multicultural in all of Canada, with a wide variety of different heritages that are celebrated, spoken and present in this province today. Because of its diverse and people and lifestyle, over 100 different languages are spoken all across it, contributing to the growth and development of this areas.. Demography. Manitoba has a population of 1, 182, 921 people, which is 3.6% of the total population of Canada. Manitoba has a population of 2.14 people/km2. This data is from 2007, located in Living Conditions. The difference in the way of life between two cities one rural (Churchill) and one urban (Winnipeg) is the job offers. If you are hoping to work for a large company, you would be better off in the urban cities. However, if you have your own business or a business of a smaller size, than a place like Churchill would accommodate your needs better. There is also evidence now that shows students in an urban city will perform considerably better than those in a rural area. This may be due to the teaching and the learning opportunities that are accessible. You also need to take into account that the number of parents in the urban cities with university degrees and postsecondary training will be higher than those in the rural towns. The provinces that had the greatest difference were Newfoundland and Labrador, PEI, Alberta, and New Brunswick. There were two provinces where there was no difference at all. Those provinces were Nova Scotia and Manitoba. This statistic is not saying that the students in rural areas are not strong students; just that they would not necessarily have the support of their parents behind them, encouraging them with their school work. Another difference between rural and urban is that in a urban area there will be better health facilities (hospitals), since there will be more people with degrees they will be looking for a place to practice there profession. Also in the urban cities there will be a greater number of recreational centres, ice rinks, libraries, and police station as well as fire and ambulance services. With all these different activities the single city has to offer, the people living in the town would benefit significantly. A benefit to the rural area and not so much the urban cities is that in a rural area the towns are smaller and the streets are like miniature communities so everyone would know each other. This would be a benefit if you needed help at some point in life. This close feeling would not be possible in a city to a great effect as in the rural area. This can also include the number of crime reports, and how there should be a greater number of reports in urban cities than in rural towns.. Religion. Population. Manitoba's population diversity is said to be very mixed, with every continent and pretty much every country of the world is represented in Manitoba, this broadens the different cultures and heritage of the province. The Aboriginal population of Manitoba was settled by Scottish Selkirk in 1811. Following confederation French and English Canadians moved to Manitoba. More countries came to Manitoba after World War two had ended.. English. English is one of the two official languages of Manitoba, being the most common one with about 75% of the population speaking it daily.. French. French is the second official language of the province, however only a small portion of citizens of Manitoba speaking it fluently on a semi-daily basis. Approximately only 4% of the population speaks it, making English the dominating language on the province.. Other Languages. Approximately 20% of Manitoba's population speaks a language other than French and English. Because of this province's diverse nature, there are more than 100 different languages spoken all across the province. This includes several Native languages spoken today as well; including Dakota, Cree, Dene, Ojibway etc.. Rural. From 1996 to 2001 there has been a decrease in the number of farms in Manitoba. From "Stats Canada" it states that in 1996 there were 24,383 farms and in 2001 there were only 21,071. The population however is increasing as the years go on. For example, in 2001 the total population was 1,119, 583. With the most recent census of 2006 the population has grown to 1,148,401. That is an increase of 28,818 in only five years. How come with the population growth the people farming is decreasing?. Urban. Manitoba has two large urban cities. The larger of the two is of course Winnipeg (the capital) which has a population of about 694,688 thousand. The other large city is Brandon with a population of 41,511 thousand. These populations were taken from the 2006 census. Both cities offer great urban attractions, for your family style.. Churchill. Churchill is a small town, located near the Hudson Bay. This town is the place where the Boreal forest is in the South and the Arctic tundra is to the North. Churchill is also known for the Polar Bears that travel to the shore in the autumn months. This gives Churchill the nickname of "Polar Bear Capital of the World". The polar bears are a new found tourist attraction for Churchill. Churchill is linked to the rest of the country by the Hudson Bay Railway.. Brandon. Brandon has been busy this past summer with repaving roads as well as constructing more buildings. Brandon also has a bio-diesel project going. This has been in affect since 2005.. Winnipeg. Winnipeg plays a large role in Manitoba's transportation, manufacturing, and agriculture. Winnipeg also is close to many lakes, for example Lake Winnipeg which happens to be the fifth largest in Canada and the eleventh largest in the world. Winnipeg is also home to the Royal Winnipeg Ballet which is the oldest ballet company in Canada. Winnipeg is also another Cree word which means "Muddy Water"; Winnipeg might have been named that since it is located on a flood plain..


Approximately 10,000 people immigrate to Manitoba every year. The province also provides free "settlement services" such as English lessons, life adjustment help, and aid with resuming the job you had before or starting a new career. To immigrate, an immigrant must first apply to the Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program. The MPNP is an economic program which selects skilled workers who have the training, experience, and language ability to be a productive member of the provincial workforce. You can still enter without these abilities, but you must have a relative or someone who signs an affadavit stating that you are a suitable member of the Manitoba population.

Who comes to Manitoba?. 4% of all Canadian immigrants come to Manitoba. 19% of immigrants to Manitoba are from Africa and the Middle East, 51% come from Asia and the Pacific..