The Bhagavad Gita
The perfect guide to build a Perfect personality
Dialogue between me and Cosmic Consciousness
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॥ श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता ॥॥ ॐ श्री परमात्मने नमः ॥The Bhagavad Gita = The Song Supreme= The Scripture वेद Universal =Yoga Sastra योग शास्त्रBy Yogeshwara = the Supreme Self = परमात्मा = Cosmic ConsciousnessThe life-invigorating स्वास्थ्य और शक्ति प्रदान कर्ता message of the Lord. Provides the guidance for an abundant life. (18-73)+ (3-11)The Lord = Achyuta =Sri Krishna = The Supreme Self = परमात्मा = Iswara = who does not deviate from His Supreme State.गतिर्भर्ता प्रभुः साक्षी निवासः शरणं सुहृत् ।प्रभवः प्रलयः स्थानं निधानं बीजमव्ययम् ॥ ९-१८॥9-18 I am the Goal, the Supporter, the Lord, the Witness, the Abode, the Shelter, the Friend, the Origin, the Dissolution, the Foundation, the Treasure house and the Seed Imperishable.The goal of life varies with people. But all the divergent goals of all the people can be sorted and brought unmistakably under three classes1. striving for long efficient life,2. seeking after wider knowledge3. searching for more happiness.And these three groups are nothing but the modifications of Sat-Cit­ Anandam - Life, Light, Love. This is a comprehensive definition of God. He is therefore the direct or indirect Goal of all beings.God = Sat + Cit + Anandam = Shri Krishna = The Supreme Self =परमात्मा = Iswara6-7 Indifferent તટસ્થ to everything else, the yogi is (I am) in constant communion ऐक्य with the Supreme Self =परमात्मा. This is the Sreyas (The Good) sought after मांग में by (me) the wise.Sat = life, Cit = light, Anandam = love are the inseparable three phases of the same Reality .Sat means the Reality, which remains unaffected by time, space and causation = Brahman = ॐतत्सदिति 17-23 to 17-26.Karma Yoga postulate Sat,Bhakti yoga postulate anandamand Jnan yoga culminate cit.All the three systems of yoga culminate Yogeshwara.I am expected to follow all three systems of Yoga simultaneously until I find fulfillment in me as well. Perfection in me then becomes complete. I become one with God and God gets defined in me. (P.61) 18-55भक्त्या मामभिजानाति यावान्यश्चास्मि तत्त्वतः ।ततो मां तत्त्वतो ज्ञात्वा विशते तदनन्तरम् ॥ १८-५५॥18-55 By devotion (Bhakti Yoga) he knows Me (Sri Krishna) in truth (Karma Yoga), what and who I am; then having known Me (Sri Krishna) in truth, he forthwith enters into Me (This is Jnan Yoga).A strong body and a virile mind form the material of which such a personality is built. Efficiency to the core is the criterion of a powerful personality. It is efficiency that makes character. To do good and to make others do good is possible only to the powerful in body and mind. He alone who is master of senses is capable of executing any undertaking nobly and virtuously.The plan and purpose of The Bhagavad Gita is to evolve out of man, a personality that is perfect from all points of view. (P-64)6-39 Who is whose guru? None but Iswara alone can play the role of the guru.कृष्णं वन्दे जगद्गुरुम्कृष्णं = kRiShNam = kRiShNa pulls you towards him, tearing all bondages वन्दे = [one] salutes, priase the kRiShNa जगद्गुरुम् = jagadgurum = to the guru of the world jagat जगत् = universe, the manifest world guru गुरु = teacher, guide, mentor, remover of ignorance.

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Reference Book : The Bhagavad Gita Commentary by Swami Chidbhavananda, Published by Sri Ramkrishna Tapovanam, Tirupparaitturai

The Sanskrit texts:

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Message of the Lord "The Song Supreme"
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Gita Yoga
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 योगः Yoga 6-02 Strength of mind is his who practices yoga. The word 'Yoga' is derived from the Sanskrit root 'Yuj', meaning 'to join' or 'to yoke' or 'to unite'. "Yoga is the very dexterity of work" P 37. 2.11 Keeping the mind constant in all eventualities is the way of the wise. He who harmonizes his thought, word and deed verily gets into yoga. 2-45 "Even mindedness is yoga". Yoga = bringing harmony between mind and body. 2-48 Perform action, O Dhananjaya, being fixed in yoga, renouncing attachments, and even-minded in success and failure; equilibrium is verily yoga. बुद्धियुक्तो जहातीह उभे सुकृतदुष्कृते ।तस्माद्योगाय युज्यस्व योगः कर्मसु कौशलम् ॥ २-५०॥2-50. The one fixed in equanimity of mind frees oneself in his life from vice and virtue alike; therefore devote yourself to yoga; work done to perfection is verily yoga. 2-50 ‘योग: कर्मसु कौशलम्’ 1. कर्मसु कौशलं योग: Efficiency in actions is yoga.२. कर्मसु योग: कौशलम् Yoga is skillful in actions. 2-53. When mentation विचार-प्रक्रिया ceases in equilibrium = Samadhi or Spiritual Illumination. Atman in Its original Splendor is then realized. Yoga reaches its culmination here. This state of pure-Conscious is the goal of life. 2.66 Yoga is the science of self-culture. 4-28 Acquiring wealth by honest means and utilizing it for the public weal, is a form of Yajna. 6-02. Sankalpa (Resolution) = selfish motive behind an action. Sanyasa is the renunciation of sankalpa. Strength of mind is his who practises yoga. Only a man of strong mind can meditate as well as discharge his duties very efficiently. This is how sankalpa sanyasa = karma yoga . 6-18 Possession of the mind in its entirety is yoga. ---- Sri Ramakrishna 6-23 The meaning of yoga is to yoke one with one's supreme nature. 6-36. Yoga is hard to attain, I concede, by a man who cannot control himself; but it can be attained by him who has controlled himself and who strives by right means. 8-09 & 8-10 Prana or life-energy of the ordinary man leaves the body at death through the apertures. But it goes out differently when the yogi departs from the body. It gets concentrated between the eye-brows and exits through the skull. This last event is also the outcome of the strength of yoga. 18-78 Yoga is union between the Divine and the human.

Bhakti Yoga
Love = Anandam = Bliss = 1st Wing
With a loving heart Great charioteer residing in the heart of all.
Ultimate Reality.
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Love = Anandam = Bliss = 1st WingGod is love. Chapter 7 to 12 of the Bhagvad Gita are devoted to definition of God, and the cultivation of devotion. A man of devotion is attracted towards God. Pure loves generates sweetness. It also express itself as bliss. Supreme bliss is divinity itself. Anandam Brahmam - Bliss is Reality. It is in search of this bliss that souls struggle and hug life. But its bliss, life would not tolerated even for a moment. Out of the fully blossomed flower of emotion flows the nectar of Anandam. The second part of the Gita exhorts man to feast on It.The great factor in the formation of personality is love. All living beings are endowed with love, though the degree of it may vary. And this love can be purified as well as intensified. From pure love emanates sweetness in all its excellence. It has the power to bind all beings in affable unity with the Supreme Self = परमात्मा = Cosmic Consciousness = Sri Krishna.

अथ सप्तमोऽध्यायः । ज्ञानविज्ञानयोगः
7. Jnana vijnana Yoga
The Yoga of Knowledge and realization.
Chapter 7. Of Religion By Discernment.
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अथ अष्टमोऽध्यायः । अक्षरब्रह्मयोगः
8. Akshrbrahma yoga
The Yoga of the imperishable Brahman.
Chapter 8. Of Religion By Devotion To The One Supreme God.
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अथ नवमोऽध्यायः । राजविद्याराजगुह्ययोगः
9. Rajavidhya rajaguhya Yoga
The Yoga of Sovereign science and sovereign secret.
Chapter 9. Of Religion By The Kingly Knowledge And The Kingly
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अथ दशमोऽध्यायः । विभूतियोगः
10. Vibhuti Yoga
The yoga of divine manifestations.
Chapter 10. Of Religion By The Heavenly Perfections.
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अथैकादशोऽध्यायः । विश्वरूपदर्शनयोगः
11. Vishvarup darshan Yoga
The yoga of the vision of the cosmic form.
Chapter 11. Of The Manifesting Of The One And Manifold.
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अथ द्वादशोऽध्यायः । भक्तियोगः
12. Bhakti Yoga
The Yoga of devotion.
Chapter 12. Of The Religion Of Faith.
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Cit = Light = Knowledge = 2nd Wing
with a clear head.
Cosmic reality.
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Light = Cit = Knowledge = 2nd WingIntelligence, awareness, cognition, consciousness, conscience - these are terms indicating the same faculty.Chapters 13 to 18 of the Gita delineate the path of knowledge. By becoming brighter and brighter a burning lamp reveals itself and its surroundings in an increasing measure. It also begins to throw increasing light on the objects brought to its presence.The divine lamp of Intelligence is enshrined in the temple of the human frame. As the faculty of understanding undergoes purification, the inner Light begins to shine with greater glory. The processes of cleansing the faculty of understanding are presented in the third section dealing with the path of knowledge.God is light. It is ultimately realized by the seeker that what shines through human frame is none other than the inextinguishable Cosmic Light. The yoga of knowledge contributes towards the purification of faculty of understanding until it reaches its culmination in intuitive knowledge.The third and final factor is the intellect. It may be equated with the broad blazing sun, which reveals everything in its true light. But for the intellect, the higher qualities of things remain unrecognized.It is the intellect again that guides beings to right action. To a person endowed with an efficient hand, with a loving heart and with a clear head nothing more remains to be added. He becomes a complete personality verging on Divinity. Perfection marks him for its own. A harmonious development of the hand, the heart and the head is patent in such a personality.

अथ त्रयोदशोऽध्यायः । क्षेत्रक्षेत्रज्ञविभागयोगः
13. Kshetra kshetrajna Vibhag Yoga
The Yoga of the discrimination of the Kshetra and the kshetrajna.
Chapter 13. Of Religion By Separation Of Matter And Spirit.
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अथ चतुर्दशोऽध्यायः । गुणत्रयविभागयोगः
14. Gunatraya Vibhag Yoga
The yoga of the Three Gunas.
Chapter 14. Of Religion By Separation From The Qualities.
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अथ पञ्चदशोऽध्यायः । पुरुषोत्तमयोगः
15. Purshotam Yoga
The Yoga of supreme self.
Chapter 15. Of Religion By Attaining The Supreme.
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अथ षोडशोऽध्यायः । दैवासुरसम्पद्विभागयोगः
16. Daivasura sampad vibhag yoga
The Yoga of Division between the divine and the demoniacal.
Chapter 16. Of The Separateness Of The Divine And The Undivine.
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अथ सप्तदशोऽध्यायः । श्रद्धात्रयविभागयोगः
17. Shraddhatraya vibhag yoga
The Yoga of threefold sraddha.
Chapter 17. Of Religion By The Threefold Kinds Of Faith.
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अथाष्टादशोऽध्यायः । मोक्षसंन्यासयोगः
18. Moksha Sanyash Yoga
The yoga of liberation by renunciation.
Chapter 18. Of Religion By Deliverance And Renunciation.
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Karma Yoga
Sat = Life = Existence aspect of Reality = Maintain Balance
= Main Body.
A person endowed with efficient hand.
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Verily each activity is actuated by will. There is no karma independent of the will. The gross manifestation of the will is action. The entire creation is the manifestation of cosmic will. All forms of will resolve themselves ultimately into the will to live.Existence, not extinction is the essential nature of the soul. God is life. Souls have emanated from God. So they attempt to assert life in the midst of seeming extermination imposed on them by the play of Nature. This assertion of existence called Sat. And God is defined as Sat.The first six chapter of the Gita are devoted to the elucidation of Sat or existence aspect of Reality. Man feels but machine do not. Feeling is concomitant with life. It undergoes several modifications. Expressions such as like, friendship, fulfillment, admiration and support are all positive aspect of the faculty of feeling while dislike, enmity, frustration, jealousy and opposition are all its negative expression. Negative ones retard. To sublimate emotions to highest pitch is summum bonum of life.

अथ प्रथमोऽध्यायः । अर्जुनविषादयोगः
1. Arjun Vishad Yoga
The despondency of Arjuna.
Chapter 1 Of The Distress Of Arjuna.
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अथ द्वितीयोऽध्यायः । साङ्ख्ययोगः
2. Samkhya Yoga
The Yoga of Self- Knowledge.
Chapter 2. Of Doctrines
The attainment of perfection is its supreme object.
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In the upnishad of the Bhagwat Gita, the knowledge of Brahman, the supreme, the science of Yoga and dialogue between Sri Krishna and Arjuna, this is the second discourse designatedTHE YOGA OF KNOLEDGESamkhya (Self Knowledge) and yoga are theory and practice of religion. They do not come into conflict one with the other. They augment each other. Rare indeed it is to know of the glory of Atman. And life gets enriched as Atman is known. Yoga is none other than living the life abundantly. By practice of yoga mind grows in purity. To the purified mind and concept of atman becomes progressively lucid. This is how jnana and yoga mutually aid.Enjoyment of pleasure and happiness is not the goal of the human life. The attainment of perfection is its supreme object. The means for it is to be absorbed in Samkhya and Yoga.

अथ तृतीयोऽध्यायः । कर्मयोगः
3. Karma Yoga
The Yoga of action.
Chapter 3. Of Virtue In Work.
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अथ चतुर्थोऽध्यायः । ज्ञानकर्मसंन्यासयोगः
4. Jnana Karma Sanyas Yoga
The yoga of renunciation of action in knowledge.
Chapter 4. Of The Religion Of Knowledge.
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अथ पञ्चमोऽध्यायः । संन्यासयोगः
5. Sanyas Yoga.
Chapter 5. Of Religion By Renouncing Fruit Of Works
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Karma yoga is Karma sanyasa-Karma Pertains to Prakriti and not Purusha-Same-sightedness Ensues from Knowledge-Bliss of Brahman Different from Sense-pleasure.In the Upanishad of the Bhagavad Gita, the knowledge of Brahman, the Supreme, the science of Yoga and the dialogue between Sri Krishna and Arjuna,

अथ षष्ठोऽध्यायः । आत्मसंयमयोगः
6. Dhyan Yoga
The yoga of meditation.
Chapter 6. Of Religion Of Self-Restraint.
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