literature searches. experience surveys. single-or multiple-case studies.
because they allow researchers to study and describe large populations fairly quickly at a relatively low cost..
are those designs in which the researcher manipulates or in some way controls the independent variable(s) under study.. The two major subtypes of experiments. The primary distinguishing factor between those two types. we will define a field experiment as a research study in a realistic setting, where the researcher intervenes and manipulates some independent variable(s) and controls the situation as carefully as the conditions permit.. commonly designated field. laboratory experiments. is the degree of realism in the research setting..
are conducted in an artificial setting, where the researchers intervene and manipulate some independent variables in a highly controlled ways.. Suppose researchers want to test the effectiveness of the three incentive systems identified earlier using a laboratory experiment.. The researchers would randomly select individuals in the organization to come to the personnel office to take part in a study..