Parts of speech - Mind Map

Use this template

Use this mind map to become familiar with the different parts of speech and think about your own examples of phrases to easily practice how to actually use them.

Keywords: grammar, language, parts of speech

Parts of speech

Parts of speech

Learn parts of speech in an interactive way, by creating sentences with each of them and adding them to this template. The parts of speech are verbs, nouns, adjectives, pronouns, articles, conjunctions, prepositions, interjections, adverbs, and numerals.

Parts of Speech

The part of speech is a category to which a word is assigned according to its syntactic functions. In English the main parts of speech are noun, pronoun, adjective, determiner, verb, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection.


A conjunction is a word like 'if' 'but' or 'and' which is used to connect sentences or clauses together.

Subordinating conjunctions

Subordinating conjunctions are conjunctions that are used at the beginning of subordinate clauses. Some examples of these conjunctions are: although, after, before, because, how, if, once, since, so that, until, unless, when etc.

Although it was raining, I went out.

Coordinating conjunctions always connect phrases, words, and clauses. They are: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.

This stew is savory and delicious.


A preposition is one of the most exciting parts of grammar. A preposition is used to describe the location of something in relation to something else.


A group of words used with the force of a single preposition is called phrase preposition.

according to, by means of, owing to, with a view to, in place of, in front of, etc.

Participle preposition consists of words that end in “ing”.

regarding, barring, concerning, considering, etc.
Extremely, Very

When a preposition consists of more than one word, it is called double preposition.

into, within, upto etc.

Compound preposition consists of two or more words.

on behalf of, according to, in front of, from across, etc.

When a preposition consists of one word it is called single or simple preposition.

in, at, on, to for, of, from, up, after, over, under, with, etc.


An interjection is used to express emotion in a sentence.

Think of other interjections!

Other examples
"Woah!" or "Oops!"


An adverb is used to describe a verb, but it can also describe an adjective or another adverb.

Adverbs normally help paint a fuller picture by describing how something happens.

Focusing Adverbs
Especially, Specifically, Merely, Either
Adverbs of Quantity
A lot, Little, Much
Adverbs of Degree

The intensifiers strengthen adverbs adjectives and adverbs and down- toners make them weaker.

Adverbs of Relative Time
Just, Afterward, Soon, Currently
Adverbs of Frequency
Always, usually, Never
Adverbs of Manner
Carefully, Slowly


A numeral is a word or phrase that describes a numerical quantity.

Some theories of grammar use the word 'numeral' to refer to cardinal numbers that act as a determiner to specify the quantity of a noun, for example the 'two' in 'two hats'.

Cardinal numbers
One, two..
Ordinal numbers
First, second..


An article is a word used to modify a noun, which is a person, place, object, or idea. Technically, an article is an adjective, which is any word that modifies a noun.

Indefinite article

Indefinite articles are the words 'a' and 'an.' Each of these articles is used to refer to a noun, but the noun being referred to is not a specific person, place, object, or idea. It can be any noun from a group of nouns.

A car in the parking lot.
Definite article

It refers directly to a specific noun or groups of nouns.

The breakfast on my plate.


A pronoun is a word that can be used in place of a noun, typically after the noun itself has already been stated.


Unlike demonstrative pronouns, which point out specific items, indefinite pronouns are used for non-specific things. This is the largest group of pronouns. All, some, any, several, anyone, nobody, each, both, few, either, none, one, and no one are the most common.

None, Several

Relative pronouns are used to add more information to a sentence. Which, that, who (including whom and whose), and where are all relative pronouns.

Which, Where

Interrogative pronouns are used in questions. Although they are classified as pronouns, it is not easy to see how they replace nouns. Who, which, what, where, and how are all interrogative pronouns.

Which, Who

Reciprocal pronouns are used for actions or feelings that are reciprocated. The reciprocal pronouns are each other and one another.

Each other, one another

A reflexive pronoun ends with ...self or ...selves and refers to another noun or pronoun in the sentence (usually the subject of the sentence). The reflexive pronouns are myself, yourself, herself, himself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, and themselves.

Itself, Himself

Demonstrative pronouns are used to demonstrate (or indicate). This, that, these, and those are all demonstrative pronouns.

This, These

Possessive pronouns are used to show possession. The possessive pronouns are mine, yours, his, hers, ours, and theirs.

His, Your

The personal pronouns are I, you, he, she, it, we, they. More often than not (but certainly not always), they replace nouns representing people.

He, They


An adjective is a word that's used to describe a specific noun and to provide more detail to the listener.


Superlative adjectives demonstrate a higher level of comparison between entities.

She is the prettiest princess.

Expresses a comparison between two entities or groups of entities in quality or degree.

He is taller than she is.


A noun is defined as a person, place, thing or idea. Proper nouns always begin with a capital letter. Common nouns, which are general words, such as 'cars,' are not capitalized.


Compound nouns are words where two nouns have been stuck together to make a new noun. Compound nouns should be written as one word, without a hyphen.


A noun which refers to a group of things/people.

Family, Class

Countable nouns are nouns that can be counted, even if the number might be extraordinarily high.

Uncountable nouns are nouns that come in a state or quantity which is impossible to count; liquids are uncountable, as are things which act
like liquids.

Cats, Rain

Proper nouns are the names of specific people or places. They should always begin with a capital letter.

Mary, Paris


A verb is an action word or 'doing' word that signifies movement in some way.


An auxiliary verb helps the main (full) verb and is also called a 'helping verb.' With auxiliary verbs, you can write sentences in different tenses, moods, or voices.

You have been practicing hard.

A participle is a verb form that can be used as an adjective or to create a verb tense. There are two types of participles: Present participle (ending -ing) and Past participle (usually ending -ed, -d, -t, -en, or -n).

The winning athlete gets a trophy.

A modal is a type of auxiliary (helping) verb that is used to express: ability, possibility, permission or obligation. The main modal verbs in the English language are: can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, would.

I might go to the park if I get my homework done.
Linking verb

A linking verb connects the subject with a word that gives information about the subject, such as a condition or relationship.

You look exhausted after studying all night.
Full verb

A verb with its own meaning: a verb that is not an auxiliary verb.

Create sentences

They have it.

为什么使用 Mindomo 思维导图模板?



Mindomo 为你带来智能思维导图模板,让你毫不费力地运作和思考。