Types of verb - Мыслительная карта

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Use this mind map to improve your understanding of how verbs are used in different tenses and practice by creating different contexts. Keywords: grammar, language

Types of verb

Use this template to learn the different types of verb and give examples for each of them to understand in which situations you can use them.

What is a verb?

A verb is a word that expresses an action, that tells you what’s happening in a sentence. They are the main part of speech in a sentence, along with nouns, and show actions made by nouns.

You should always link the subject of a sentence to a verb.

Examples of verbs: run, sing, write, dance, work, walk, stay.

Different types of verb

Depending on the form of the verb and its use, there are several types of verbs. Some of them are transitive verbs, intransitive verbs, participle verbs, conditional verbs, infinitive verbs, auxiliary verbs, modal verbs.

Transitive and intransitive verbs

To determine if a verb is transitive or intransitive, you should take into account the following things:

A verb is transitive if there is a noun receiving the action

A verb is intransitive if there is no direct object to receive the action and if it does not make sense without a direct object.

Participle verbs

Participle verbs can be used as an adjective and are combined with the verb to construct different verbs at past or present tenses.

Conditional verbs

As you can see in the template, there are four types of conditionals: Simple, Continuous, Perfect, and Perfect Continuous.

Auxiliary verbs like can/could, will/would, may/might help at the formation of conditional tenses.

Infinitive verbs

Infinitive verbs are the base forms of the verbs, usually used with the particle ‘to’.

Auxiliary verbs

Auxiliary verbs add meaning to the clause in which they occur, to express tense, aspect, modality, voice, emphasis, etc. Auxiliary verbs usually accompany an infinitive verb or a participle.

Some examples of auxiliary verbs are: have, be, must, do, can, will, shall.

Modal verbs

Some examples of modal verbs are: can, could, must, should, had better, had to and sometimes need or dare.

The voice of a verb

The voice describes whether a verb is active or passive. In other words, when the subject of the verb is doing the action of the verb or the verb is said to be in the active voice.

The mood of a verb

Verb moods indicate the attitude of the speaker. There are three types of moods: declarative, interrogative and imperative.

After going through this template and practical learning by thinking about examples, it will be easier for you to differentiate between different types of verbs.

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